The tips contained in these pages are for educational purposes only.
ALWAYS SEEK PROFESSIONAL MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY IF YOU HAVE A BURN EMERGENCY
First Aid Response
What you do for a burn in the first few minutes after it occurs can make a difference in the severity of the injury!
- Stop the Burning process. Remove the source of heat…if clothing catches fire,STOP, DROP, AND ROLL to smother out the flames.
- Remove All Burned Clothes. Clothing may retain heat and cause a deeper injury. If clothing adheres to the skin, cut or tear around adherent area to preserve good skin tissue.
- Pour Cool Water Over Areas Burned. Keep pouring the cool water for at least 3-5 minutes (30-40 minutes for chemical injury). DO NOT PACK THE BURNED AREAS IN ICE! This may increase the extent of injury and cause hypothermia.
- Remove All Jewelry, belts, Tight Clothing etc from over the burned areas and from around the victims neck. Swelling of burned areas occurs immediately!
- Do Not Apply Ointments or Butter to Wounds. These may cause infection due to their oil base and convert wounds to deeper injury.
- Cover Burns with a Clean Dry Dressing, Bandage or Sheet.
- Keep Victim Warm.
- Seek Medical Attention as Soon as Possible.
Stop, Drop And Roll
If your clothes catch on fire…
Stop - Stop! Do NOT run away when clothing is on fire! Running will only fan the flames.
Drop - Drop! to the ground covering your eyes and nose with your hands!
Roll -Roll! backwards and forwards like a rolling ball! This will help put out any clothing that is on fire.
Make sure your children know the rules of clothing fires…STOP, DROP and ROLL!!!
Someone You Love Could Get Into…Hot Water
In the average household, the hot water heater is set at medium or 140 degrees. Someone is only 5 seconds away from a burn that can result in scarring, disability or even death
And just imagine what boiling liquids (212 degrees) can do!
Turn your water heater DOWN (to 120 or 130 degrees).
Guard Your Child Against Burns
Children are burned by spilled coffee, tea, soup, grease and in sinks, showers and bathtubs. Water at 140 degrees Fahrenheit, which is far below boiling, will badly burn a child in two seconds.
- SET WATER HEATER TEMPERATURE BELOW 130 DEGREES
- TEST BATH WATER WITH ELBOW, NOT WITH HAND
- NEVER LEAVE CHILDREN ALONE IN TUB, SHOWER OR SINK
- DON’T BATHE CHILD UNDER RUNNING WATER – WATER TEMPERATURE CAN CHANGE
- KEEP HANDLES ON COOKING POTS TURNED IN
- KEEP CUPS AND BOWLS WITH HOT CONTENTS OUT OF REACH
- DON’T HOLD OR PASS HOT LIQUIDS OVER CHILDREN
- KEEP RADIATOR VALVES SECURED-STEAM CAN SCALD ALSO
Children are burned by hot pipes, radiators, floor heaters, stoves, irons, curling irons and hot plates. They sometimes pull electrical cords causing hot things to fall on them.
- NEVER PLACE CRIBS AND BEDS NEAR RADIATORS
- ALWAYS KEEP OVEN DOOR CLOSED
- IRON ON COUNTER OR IRONING BOARD, NOT ON BED OR FLOOR
- IRON WHEN CHILDREN ARE ASLEEP- ITS MUCH SAFER
- NEVER LEAVE IRON UNATTENDED
KEROSENE AND ELECTRICAL HEATERS:
- NEVER LEAVE CHILDREN ALONE IN A ROOM
- KEEP SAFETY BARRIER AROUND HEATER
- BETTER YET, AVOID USE ALTOGETHER
IRONS, HOT PIPES, CURLING IRONS, HAIR DRYERS:
- KEEP OUT OF REACH
- SUPERVISE CHILDREN AT ALL TIMES
- KEEP CORDS OUT OF WAY
- COOL AND STORE IN A SAFE PLACE
First Degree Burns
A first degree burn is like a sunburn. It hurts and turns the skin a different color. After a few days it heals.
Superficial and Mid-dermal, Partial Thickness Burns
As these wounds progress, they form blisters (remember the body fluid we talked about?). If these blisters pop, wet body fluid leaks out. After that happens, it is very important to put some fluid back into the body. This can be done by drinking a lot of juices (if your tummy is not sick). Sometimes this fluid is put into your body using an I.V. (a plastic tube that goes under the skin and into your blood vessel; a special watery substance drips inside). Some second-degree burns heal. It takes about two weeks to heal, but deeper Mid-dermal burns are deeper into the skin and sometimes these will not heal well without an operation and skin grafting.
Full Thickness Burns
Full Thickness burns are very deep into the skin. The skin feels very dry and hard. These burns dont have much feeling because the nerves (little things inside the skin that tell the body when it hurts) are damaged. These burns will not heal without an operation.
Fire Escape Plan